Art in architecture
What is art?
What is aesthetics?
Can we define art?
Architecture as an art


Architecture as an art

No doubt, architecture is an art. In the following list of art subjects, you will find it interesting to note that architecture exists as one of the arts in today's modern society. In his book, "The arts and their interrelations" published in the year 1951, the Philosopher writer, Thomas Munroin has enlisted the following subjects of art. Surprisingly during the last 40 years nothing has changed much except the use of computers and its related influences in art. The basic structure of art is still unchanged

  1. Sculpture.
  2. Painting.
  3. Graphic arts; drawing; typography; commercial art.
  4. Architecture.
  5. Garden art; Landscape architecture; horticulture.
  6. City planning; community planning; regional planning; urban design.
  7. Industrial design; utilitarian visual design.
    1. transportation design.
    2. Furniture design
    3. Utensils design.
    4. Weapon design.
    5. Book design.
    6. Clothing or costume design.
    7. Textile design; cloth or fabric design.
    8. Ceramics; pottery and porcelain.
    9. Interior design.
  8. Music
  9. Literature: prose, verse, poetry
  10. Dancing and ballet; acting
  11. Drama and Theater
  12. Motion pictures; cinema; film; animated cartoons.
  13. Radio and television
  14. Mobile color; fireworks; lumia; the clavilux.

He further defines an architecture is as follows:
Architecture is the art of designing and guiding the construction of buildings, so as to make them visually satisfying as well as suitable or their intended use. Buildings are three-dimensional forms, usually enclosing or partly enclosing an interior space large enough for persons or animals to enter and carry on activities within it. They can present a visual design or a series of designs on the exterior, interior, or both. Many types of structures are distinguished on the basis of their function and their related form as follows: dwelling-houses (of many varieties from palaces to hotels and apartment houses), temples, churches, monasteries, forts and fortified towns, bridges, dams, theatres, amphitheatres, light-houses, public baths, some kinds of monument, libraries, store and office buildings, factories, warehouses, railroad stations, and airplane hangars. The typical materials used are wood, brick, stone, tile, plaster, steel, and concrete; the typical structural methods are the post and lintel, the wooden truss, the masonry arch and vault, and the steel skeleton. Architecture often incorporates or provides a setting for the products of the other arts, such as sculpture, stained glass, furniture, and interior design; hence it can be regarded as a combined art. It often cooperates with landscape design and city planning. Among Principal Western styles are the Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo; distinctive styles were also produced by the chief oriental civilizations.

I would like to draw attention to the word, "visually satisfying" and " suitable for their intended uses". An architect has to certainly perform his duty as an artist, to make the building look "visually satisfying". No doubt "suitability for intended uses" deals with functional aspects of building design. Which is of course, not part of the subject of basic design. Certainly the architect is responsible to design the building "visually" and "functionally".


slide gallery